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PLoS ONE: Temperature control of Neogene evolution of East Asian winter monsoon

2017/11/28 15:54:48

The Late Cenozoic East Asian winter monsoon (EAWM) enhancement has been attributed to several factors, such as uplift of the Tibetan Plateau, retreat of the Paratethys Sea, and global cooling related to polar ice volume increment. However, the fundamental forcing factors remain enigmatic due to the absence of long and continuous climate records and sensitive indicators.

Recently, Prof. Hanchao Jiang et al. reanalyzed the published grain-size record of Sikouzi fine sediments in the western Chinese Loess Plateau through end-member (EM) modeling. The results indicate that EM 2with grain-size peaks between 10-100 μmdecreased in content from 20.1 to 17 Ma and stepwise increased from 17 to 0.07 Ma during the following six stages (17-15 Ma, 15-12 Ma, 12-8 Ma, 8-6 Ma, 6-4 Ma and 4-0 Ma). Such varying trends can be successively correlated in seven stages with the integrated benthic δ18O record,implying that global warming weakened the EAWMfrom 20.1 to 17 Maand global cooling has stepwise strengthened the EAWM since 17 Ma. Therefore, we conclude that global temperature change played a major role on the evolution of EAWM during the Neogene period. By contrast, Late Cenozoic palaeogeographic reorganization caused by uplift of the Tibetan Plateau and retreat of the Paratethys Sea contributed less to the evolution of EAWM. Spectral analysis of the EM 2 data first provided direct evidence of orbitally influenced deposition in the study area and thus the EAWM variations during the Neogene period. The 100-kyr period became weak since ~10 Ma, possibly due to the decrease in sensitivity of a more stable, continental-scale ice sheet in Antarctica to local insolation forcing, deserving further investigation.

The above results were published on the international journal of PLoS ONE (Jiang, H.C., Wan, S.M., Ma, X.L., Zhong, N., and Zhao, D.B., 2017. End-member modeling of the grain-size record of Sikouzi fine sediments in Ningxia (China) and implications for temperature control of Neogene evolution of East Asian winter monsoon. PLoS ONE 12(10): e0186153. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0186153).

Full text link: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0186153