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The Institute of Geology Received Funds for 2 International Cooperation Projects of NSFC

2016/6/7 14:56:51

 According to the bilateral cooperation agreements between National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) and British National Environmental Research Council (NERC) / Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and the prioritized fields of cooperative research determined at a seminar jointly organized by the three parties, the three institutions solicited and financed Sino-British cooperative research projects in natural disaster field (Increasing Resilience to Natural Hazards in Earthquake Prone Regions in China) in 2015. Through public solicitation, 16 valid official applications were accepted. Based on the evaluation result of Chinese and British experts and through consultation between the two sides, 6 projects were funded. The execution period of the projects is from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2018 (3 years). The Institute of Geology, CEA obtained two projects. They are “Assessment on tectonic activity and seismic risk in the southwestern margin of Ordos” taken charge of by Academician Zhang Peizhen (the cooperator is Professor Philip England from University of Oxford and a team led by him), and “Participatory appraisal and control of seismic disaster and risk in Ordos” taken charge of by researcher Su Guiwu (the cooperator is Professor John Young from British Overseas Development Institute and a team led by him).

Given the tremendous economic and social impact of earthquake disasters, NSFC, NERCand ESRC organized Chinese and British scientists to discuss the importance and significance of the research projects in 2014. On the basis of systematic summarization of the research results and talent teams of the two countries in relevant scientific fields, the three parties refined relevant core scientific issues and aimed to promote cooperation and exchange among scientists of the two countries in the field of natural disasters through cooperative research.

The Institute of Geology, CEA as a participant of the cooperation discussion organized a Sino-British bilateral symposium in 2014. Meanwhile, it actively engaged in initial cooperative research and exchange with British side and carried out extensive discussion on the fields and issues of common interest. The success of this application for funding is a support and affirmation to relevant cooperative research of the Institute of Geology. The two projects receiving funds this time will carry out comprehensive research of the margin of Ordos in two aspects. Firstly, in respect to the main fractures in the southwestern margin of Ordos, the projects will research  long-term activity of faults, distribution of paleo-earthquakes and historical earthquakes, current crustal movement state and seismic dynamic mechanism with the help of remote sensing image, LIDAR, GPS, releveling, InSAR and other advanced technologies on the basis of conventional methods and evaluate the synthetic probability of mid and long-term risk of earthquake to provide a basis and data input for the research of disaster management, emergency preparedness and disaster mitigation; secondly, the projects will choose Ordos region as a research area, and villages and towns with different features in culture, society, economy and earthquake disaster form in the area as demonstrative research points. Based on a participatory method, earthquake disaster situation analysis and extensive communication among the researchers and interested parties, the projects will assess the earthquake disaster risk of this area on different scales and analyze the cultural/social/economic background and origins of risk formation at first; then, on the basis of summarizing the countermeasures and capability of the research area and demonstration villages and towns in earthquake prevention and disaster mitigation, the projects will diagnose and develop sustainable interfaces between “top-to-bottom” and “bottom-to-top” paths, and explore a model for comprehensive control of earthquake disaster risk suitable for the current cultural/social/economic conditions of the research area and demonstrative villages and towns, hoping to provide a research basis for development of the control model for disaster mitigation in China.